Wood flooring adds classic beauty and warmth to every room in your home. Today’s state-of the-art technology enhances the natural beauty of wood flooring while making it long-lasting and easy to care for.
F&L Floorworks carefully plans every installation to ensure that it will uniquely complement your decor. The following guide is a good resource to learn about our wood flooring products and which will be the right choice for your home.

  • Composition – what are the basics of wood flooring
  • Species – what types of wood are used to make wood flooring?
  • Appearance & Grades– How is the appearance of the wood flooring graded
  • Properties– How do the properties of wood affect the floor’s durability ?
  • Cuts– How can wood be cut into flooring ?
  • Finishes– What finishes are available ?
  • Borders & Inserts– How are orders used to enhance wood flooring ?


Wood flooring can be made from solid wood or from wood veneers, glued together. It is available both with and without a finish.

  • Unfinished Flooring refers to a product that is first installed at the site without any finish. After installation, it must then be sanded and finished.
  • Pre-finished flooring is sanded and finished at the factory. It only requires installation to be ready for use.

Solid wood flooring is made of solid lumber. It is available both unfinished and pre-finished, and comes in several forms and sizes, including:

  • Strip – solid boards with thickness of l/2” or 3/4” and widths of 1 l/2”, 2” or 2 l/4”
  • Plank – solid boards with thickness of l/2” or 3/4” and widths of 3” to 8”
  • Parquet – patterns made from individual wood pieces

Engineered wood flooring is made by bonding thin layers of lumber with an attractiveveneer finish. It is also available unfinished and pre-finished. Engineered wood flooringcomes in the following forms and sizes:

  • Strip – solid boards with thicknesses of l/2” or 3/4” and widths of 1 l/2”, 2” or 2 l/4”
  • Plank – solid boards with thicknesses of l/2” or 3/4” and widths of 3” to 8”
  • Parquet – patterns made from individual wood pieces

Solid Wood flooring vs Engineered wood flooring: Most solid wood strip or plank can only be installed with nails over a wood subfloor. Solid wood parquet and short length strip or plank can be installed with an adhesive on a variety of non-wood subfloors. Solid wood flooring is very susceptible to moisture and can not be used below grade, in areas such as basements, or in high-humidity environments.

Engineered Flooring can be installed with adhesive on a variety of subfloors. Some engineered strip and plank can be installed with nails over wood subfloors. And some engineered flooring can be installed as a “floating” floor without fastening to the subfloor, by using a bonded tongue and groove technique (used to install over an existing vinyl floor).
Engineered flooring is much less susceptible to the effects of moisture, and can be used below grade or in humid climates

Acrylic impregnated wood flooring is a highly durable pre-finished product. A high-pressure process is used to saturate the wood with color pigment and acrylic resin.
The result is an extremely hard finish that is very resistant to abrasion and moisture. Acrylic impregnated flooring is typically used in commercial applications, but it is also available for residential purposes. It comes in the same forms and styles as engineered flooring


The following table lists some of the more commonly used species for wood flooring. Although less known, other species are also available when a more interesting appearance is desired.

Domestic Species
White Ash American Mahogany Beech
Maple Birch Bird’s Eye Maple
American Cherry Mesquite Chestnut
Red Oak Douglas Fir White Oak
Antique Heart Pine Yellow Pine Virgin Heart Pine
Imported Species
Cameron Merbau Brazilian Cherry
Padauk Australian Cypress Purpleheart
Doussie Sapele Ipe
Teak Iroko Wenge
Jarra Santos Mahagony Others

Appearances & Grades

Appearance of the wood flooring determines its grade. All grades are equally strong and serviceable. Oak and ash have four basic grades. Beech, Birch and Hard Maple have three basic grades.

They Are:Oak Grades
Grade Appearence Description
Clear Best Best grade, with the best appearance and most
uniform color.
Select Good Limited character marks and unlimited sound sap.
No. 1 Common Variegated Light and dark colors. Knots, flags, worm holes,
and other character marks. Other imperfections must
be filled and finished
No. 2 Common Rustic A serviceable, economical floor after knots, worm
holes, checks and other imperfections are filled and
finished. Red and white oak species may be mixed.


Hardness is a property of wood flooring that relates to its durability. Harder wood species are more durable and more resistant to wear. Dimensional Stability refers to a measure of how much wood expands or contracts with changes in temperature and humidity.

The chart below lists ’ hardness and dimensional stability for various wood species.
Domestic Species Hardness (Janka) Dimensional stability
Ash (White) 1320 Above Average
Beech 1320 Above Average
Birch 1320 Above Average
Cherry (Black) 950 Above Average
Douglas Fir 950 Above Average
Heart Pine (Antique) 1225 Above Average
Hickory/Pecan 1225 Above Average
Maple (Sugar/Hard) 1450 Average
Mesquite 1450 Average
Oak (Red) 1290 Average
Oak (White) 1360 Average
Pine (Southern Yellow) 1360
Walnut (American Black) 1010 Excellent
Imported Species Hardness (Janka) Dimensional stability
Brazilian Cherry 2350 Average
Cypress (Australian) 2350 Average
Jarrah 2350 Average
Mahogany (Santos) 2200 Above Average
Merbau 1925 Excellent
Padauk (African) 1225 Above Average
Purple heart 1225 Above Average
Teak (Thai/Burmese) 1000 Excellent
Wenge 1000 Excellent